Papillomatosis (papillomavirus, HPV) is a widespread and infectious disease that affects the body of both men and women. In some cases, the infection is in the body without any symptoms and a person infected with this disease may not be aware of it for many years and be its distributor.
Routes of transmission of papillomatosis
There are quite a few ways to get infected with HPV, but the main one is unprotected sexual intercourse. In addition, you can catch the virus:
- when visiting beaches, public saunas, swimming pools, etc .;
- while traveling by public transport
- through animal hair;
- by bodily contact with an infected person;
- in the process of fetal development and during breastfeeding (from mother to baby).
There are some factors that increase the likelihood of HPV infection, and they primarily include a weak immune system. With poor immunity, the protective functions of the body decrease, which allows the virus to freely develop inside a person.
Also, increasing the chances of a disease can:
- chronic diseases;
- skin lesions;
- the presence of acute viral infections.
The main symptom of papillomavirus was the formation of single or group growths on the skin and mucous membranes. At the same time, doctors divide them by form and place of localization into several categories:
- intimate (condylomas).
In especially severe and advanced forms, papillomatosis can provoke the appearance of headaches, irritability and weakness.
The development of the virus in the body
Despite the fact that HPV has been studied for a long time by scientists around the world, the exact causes of the disease are not known. The virus, entering the human body, in the absence of strong immunity begins to develop rapidly and causes the expression of the E5 gene, which is located in the cells of the middle layers of the epithelium.
Disruption of the E5 gene leads to the formation of growths in different parts of the body. In most cases, HPV is not a threat to humans, but if untreated, it can cause oncology.
HPV in gynecology
Condillomatosis became the most dangerous type of papillomavirus, the main route of transmission of which was unprotected sexual intercourse with the carrier of infection. Growths in the genital area appear in both women and men, however, the most dangerous condylomas are for the fair sex.
Signs of condylomatosis are the appearance of small group growths on the genitals. In the absence of proper treatment, they spread very quickly throughout the genital area and cause a lot of discomfort.
The danger of genital warts for women is that growths can appear inside the vagina and on the cervix, which often leads to the formation of cancerous tumors.
If any symptoms of condylomatosis are detected, the woman urgently needs to visit a doctor and report the infection to her sexual partner. Timely contacting a medical institution will quickly cure HPV in the initial stage and prevent the occurrence of complications.
How to treat papillomavirus?
Today, modern medicine has given a clear answer to what papillomatosis is, and to combat this disease, it offers a large selection of methods:
- HPV treatment with drugs;
- surgical removal of growths;
- laser therapy.
Basically, doctors prescribe a comprehensive treatment, which includes taking antiviral drugs and using professional means to remove the external symptoms of the virus on the skin.
Why remove papillomas?
The need for removal of growths is explained by the fact that they are a cosmetic defect that spoils the appearance of a person. In addition, there is a risk of damage to the papilloma and the development of the inflammatory process.
In many cosmetic centers there is a service to remove papillomas anywhere on the skin and this procedure does not take much time. The main advantage of contacting a specialist was the sterility of the operation and the absence of scars after elimination of the neoplasm.
If a person does not want to visit a beauty parlor, then one of the alternative methods can be used to remove external symptoms of HPV. The most effective was the use of acetic acid, which is pre-diluted with water or tincture of herbs in a ratio of 1 to 2. Next, the mixture is applied to a previously cleaned site of infection and sealed with a plaster.
Repeat the procedure for the treatment of papillomatosis should be until the death of the growth. Usually it disappears after the first treatment with acetic acid, but in some especially advanced cases, reuse of the product may be required.
To prevent the development of infection in the body is much easier than to treat the consequences of their carelessness. As a prevention of HPV, several recommendations should be followed:
- use barrier methods of contraception;
- abandon promiscuous sex life;
- wash your hands more often and take a shower;
- perform regular wet cleaning in the house;
- bathe pets and wash their paws after a walk;
- wear shoes when visiting saunas and public baths;
- strengthen your immunity with vitamin complexes.
By following these simple rules, you can protect your body not only from infection with papillomavirus, but also from other unpleasant viral infections.