Removing papillomas with liquid nitrogen is a painless and quick procedure. This technique allows you to get rid of disturbing neoplasms without problems, complications and lengthy manipulations. Consider the indications and contraindications for the procedure, the advantages and disadvantages of cryodestruction.
The essence of the procedure
Papilloma cryodestruction, or cryotherapy, is a simple but effective manipulation aimed at freezing problematic formations on the face and body. For cryotherapy, liquid nitrogen is used. The temperature of its impact on the problem area reaches -195 ° C. This causes the crystallization of the defect with its further elimination.
Cauterization of papillomas with liquid nitrogen has many advantages:
- point impact, solely on the problem;
- the procedure does not injure tissue near the neoplasm;
- frozen papilloma does not need to be removed, torn off, it must fall off on its own;
- the technique is safe for the health of the patient;
- after cauterization, special care or medication is not required;
- after high-quality freezing of papillomas, scars and scars rarely remain;
- minimal risk of infection, the procedure is easily tolerated and does not cause pain;
- affordable cost of the procedure.
The only significant drawback of removing papillomas with nitrogen is the impossibility of controlling the depth of gas penetration. So, with surface exposure there is no guarantee that the problem will be completely eliminated, and the deep penetration of the product provokes residual scars on the skin.
Otherwise, there are no complaints, and the reviews of patients who used the removal of papillomas with cryodestruction are only positive.
Indications for use of cryotherapy
Papilloma belongs to the category of benign tumors. The cause of its appearance is infection with human papillomavirus infection. In some cases, the neoplasm is inconvenient and needs to be removed.
Papillomas need to be removed in such cases:
- the neoplasm interferes, clings to clothes and causes pain, discomfort;
- Concerned about the change in the shape, size or color of the defect;
- the growth of the problem, an increase in quantity;
- for aesthetic purposes, to improve the appearance.
Is it possible to carry out the removal in your case, the specialist decides. Cauterization is performed only in specialized clinics, under the guidance of a dermatologist. It is forbidden to remove papillomas at home using this method.
Nitrogen exposure methods
Cryo-removal of papillomas is considered the most popular method of eliminating a defect. This is evidenced by the positive reviews of patients. Cauterization with nitrogen does not require preparatory procedures, special care before surgery or taking medication.
It is not difficult to remove problem neoplasms, the whole process will not take much time. The result depends on two factors:
- body reaction to exposure to nitrogen;
- the professionalism of the cosmetologist, dermatologist you contacted.
The duration of the procedure depends on the number of neoplasms: it takes no more than 120 seconds to remove one growth.
There are 2 options for freezing papillomas with nitrogen:
- the product is applied with an applicator (cotton swab or swab);
- the agent is supplied by a cryodestructor (special apparatus) equipped with a thin metal nozzle.
The method for removing problem tumors depends on the patient’s own preferences and on the equipment of the clinic in which cryodestruction is performed.
Removal with special equipment will be more expensive, the cost of the procedure will be affected by the high cost of the equipment used.
Papillomas are frozen only by an experienced dermatologist or cosmetologist. Home procedures to eliminate skin imperfections are unacceptable.
The procedure using liquid nitrogen from papillomas involves the following procedure:
- Local anesthesia is an optional step. Anesthesia is performed in the area of the removed papilloma for patients with hypersensitivity (low pain threshold). Novocaine is usually used for anesthesia.
- Directly cryodestruction papillomas. The defect is cauterized by nitrogen for 10-120 seconds. Duration is determined by a specialist. In some cases, the patient feels a slight tingling or burning sensation.
- At the end of the procedure, the doctor treats the affected area of the skin with a disinfectant.
At this, the professional intervention is over, and the patient goes home.
Complications and care after cauterization
After freezing, the neoplasm hardens and whitens, inside it, the cells die, and sensitivity is lost. During the day, a scab forms on the treated area, which disappears on its own after 2-5 weeks.
If the papilloma has fallen off, the patient must re-visit the beauty parlor. A specialist will inspect the problem area and appoint a second cryodestruction, if necessary. You can re-burn the defect after 4 weeks, not earlier. After gas cauterization, a slight swelling may appear on the skin. This is the reaction of the skin to the procedure performed. Do not worry about this side effect, the swelling will pass on its own. If swelling, inflammation does not go away, consult a doctor. He will prescribe special tools for processing the problem area.
In some cases, the appearance of blisters around the scab is observed. This is a valid phenomenon. Attention! You can not pierce them yourself. Within 5-7 days they will break through. To prevent infection of the skin, and the wounds quickly disappeared (healed), apply a sterile dressing.
In the first week after cryodestruction, exclude contact of the treated area with water. This will accelerate its healing and prevent suppuration. It is forbidden to use powder or other cosmetics to mask the defect so that infection does not get into the wound.
When the scab disappears, an active renewal of the skin occurs. To prevent pigmentation of new skin, it is recommended to treat the area with sunscreen for some time. It can be a cream or a lotion with ultraviolet filters (SPF 30-50).
Contraindications to cryotherapy
Cryodestruction by papillomas is unacceptable in the presence of at least one contraindication:
- exacerbation of infectious, inflammatory processes in the body;
- SARS, flu;
- allergy to cold or its pathological intolerance;
- oncology, neoplasms of any nature.
Ignoring contraindications threatens the patient’s health problems, consult a professional, take an interest in how problem defects are removed, how many days is expected to completely restore the skin.
When choosing a clinic, do not forget to read reviews about the staff and the outcome of the procedure. The low qualifications of the doctor, the lack of experience in carrying out such procedures, as a rule, are accompanied by complications. If you cannot perform cryodestruction, your doctor may recommend other procedures to remove the papillomas (for example, remove the defect using a laser beam). Do not treat papillomas at home. Firstly, it can be painful and dangerous, and secondly, the risk of residual scarring, infection and complication of the problem is high.