Papilloma is a small outgrowth that forms on the epithelium, outwardly similar to a small papilla on the “leg” or an accumulation of rounded neoplasms raised a couple of millimeters above the skin. The reason for their appearance is papillomovirus or, scientifically, HPV (human papillomavirus). There are two main routes of infection:
- Contact household (use of hygiene items, saunas, baths, pools, handshakes);
- Sexual (this pathway is characteristic of such a variety of papillomas as genital warts).
The localization of growths is due to the strain of papillomavirus that causes them (there are more than 100 species). You can detect papilloma on the face, neck, inguinal region, axillary hollows, between the buttocks and even on the soles of the feet. Most of them present a purely cosmetic problem for their "master". However, some varieties of papillomas, the occurrence of which is accompanied by pain or itching, are prone to degeneration into malignant neoplasms.
Few people turn to a dermatologist immediately after detecting an unpleasant defect on the body. But the opinion about the need to visit a doctor dramatically changes when the papilloma is rotten, reddened and sore.
Can a papilloma hurt?
Just like that, for no apparent reason, the papilloma cannot swell and begin to hurt. There is a list of factors that provoke the inflammatory process in the growth.
The following reasons are distinguished because of which the papilloma can become inflamed:
- An impulse may be an exacerbation of a patient's history of a serious genetic or chronic disease. In this case, it will be possible to remove the inflammatory process in the neoplasm only after high-quality therapy of the underlying disease;
- Strong and constant nervous strain depletes the body's defenses and can cause the papilloma to become inflamed and reddened;
- Hormonal imbalance in women. It can be provoked by such changes in the female body as pregnancy, miscarriage or abortion, the development of pathological conditions of the female reproductive system or improper functioning of the thyroid gland.
- Effect on the epidermis of ultraviolet rays.
- Injury to the growth.
- Incorrect treatment of papillomas at home.
The most common causes of papilloma swelling and pain are involuntary growth injuries or attempts to get rid of them yourself.
To injure a growth is as simple as that. The skin areas on which the papillomas are located often differ in the thinness of the epithelium and its increased humidity. Therefore, to damage and redden the skin around the papilloma, even a seam on clothing is enough, irritation from which can lead to injury to the neoplasm.
Symptoms of growth damage
Injury to the upper layer of the neoplasm "opens the door" for pathogens to enter inside it. As a result, the inflammatory process begins in the tissues of the papilloma, which manifests itself externally in the form that:
- Papilloma is bleeding;
- The papilloma has darkened or turned red;
- Purulent discharge from the growth occurs.
If it is painful to touch the growth or an unpleasant smell appears, do not delay the consultation of a specialist. Negligent shaving, peeling of growths or constant contact with a dense cloth of clothes can lead to such consequences.
What to do if the papilloma is swollen and hurts when pressed?
Condensation of the growth, accompanied by pain during pressure, a change in its appearance – the appearance of inclusions or a change in shape indicate a danger. Neoplasm cells are transformed into malignant. And the causes of papilloma inflammation no longer play any role. The only way to stop the dangerous process is to remove the growth.
If the neoplasm is pouted and continues to increase in size, one can not do without complex antiviral therapy and getting rid of it. Otherwise, the risk of a relapse of the disease increases.
What does the blackened formation testify to?
Symptoms of a blackened growth that continues to hurt or itch, as a rule, increase the risks for the patient. A similar reaction may indicate:
- The death of tissue growth, which indicates its imminent disappearance. In the absence of pain, any therapeutic measures are not needed;
- Accidental trauma to the growth or complication after removal of papilloma at home;
- Infection due to damage to the upper layer of the neoplasm.
If you notice that the papilloma has swollen and darkened after undergoing local drug treatment – this is evidence of necrosis of the growth tissue and its death. In the absence of bleeding, no additional therapy is required in this case.
But if the darkening of the neoplasm is associated with undesirable injury, it is worth:
- Treat the damaged area with an antiseptic;
- If possible, prevent it from getting wet;
- Close the neoplasm with a bactericidal patch;
- Consult a dermatologist.
The growth may fall before your meeting with a specialist. In this case, it is recommended to save the fallen part for histological diagnosis.
The danger of malignancy
It's no secret that papillomas caused by certain types of papillomovirus are at risk for oncogenicity. In simple words, such papillomas are prone to transformation into oncological diseases, for example, melanoma (skin cancer). The reason for starting the process of malignancy of the neoplasm may be an injury or complication after removal of the papilloma or rather an unsuccessful attempt to get rid of it on its own. And the inflammatory process is evidence of the development of such a dangerous process.
The inflammation that began in the cells of the papilloma extends to the vessels and lymph nodes adjacent to it. The inflamed lymph node greatly increases in size, which is noticeable upon palpation, and begins to hurt. All this is an alarming signal of the hidden process of transformation of a benign neoplasm into a malignant one.
Pay attention to the following symptoms of malignancy:
- Change in pigmentation – papilloma reddened or darkened;
- A sharp increase in neoplasm;
- Papilloma is bleeding;
- The appearance of discharge from the growth with a sharp unpleasant odor;
- Unpleasant sensations – pain or itching or burning.
Therapy of malignancy is carried out in a hospital after receiving the results of all the necessary clinical studies and confirming the diagnosis.
Treatment for Inflamed Papilloma
The best way to cope with the problem of unwanted neoplasms is to seek qualified help from a dermatologist. Therapy under the supervision of a specialist begins with an examination and a final diagnosis.
To help the doctor detect all the nuances and diagnose not only the type of neoplasm, but also the strain of papillomovirus that caused it, the latest research methods help:
- Conducting a hardware examination with a dermatoscope. Such an apparatus makes it possible for a dermatologist to discern in detail the structure of the growth and determine what kind of papilloma he is dealing with;
- Cytological examination. Analysis of the structure of the growth at the cellular level allows you to attribute it to the group of benign or malignant formations;
- Research on PCR – polymerase chain reaction. The presence of papillomovirus DNA in the epidermis cells is confirmed by the diagnosis of papillomatosis.
- Histology analysis. Such a study is possible after removal of the growth. Confirms the benignity of cells of the removed tissue.
- Digene – testing. It is carried out in order to determine the strain of papillomovirus that caused the disease, the risks of malignancy of the neoplasms, and also to establish the magnitude of the spread of HPV.
These studies help the dermatologist to establish an accurate diagnosis and choose the therapy that is effective for each specific case.
Medication for inflamed papillomas
Therapy of an inflamed neoplasm requires an integrated approach and includes the use of antiviral drugs effective for a particular HPV variety, the use of immunomodulators to strengthen the body's defenses and a direct fight against skin defects.
Destructive therapy of skin defects is possible in two ways:
- In a conservative way – using pharmacy products;
- A radical way in the clinic is carried out by a doctor.
Conservative methods for the destruction of inflamed papillomas include:
- Antiseptic agents without color pigment. Chlorhexidine, hydrogen peroxide or miramistin are suitable. After treating the affected area of the skin, it must be covered with a bactericidal patch to avoid the occurrence of a secondary infection. It is strictly forbidden to use iodine, brilliant green, blue;
- If bleeding occurs, the papilloma is treated with the method used to stop capillary hemorrhage. To stop the blood, it is treated with peroxide or miramistin solution and sealed with a band-aid or bandaged;
- If the inflammatory process is accompanied by pain, overgrowth of the neoplasm and reddening of the skin around it without bleeding, then the growth should not be treated;
- When treating papillomas with an antiseptic, part of it may fall off. If possible, it should be saved and shown to a dermatologist.
All of these methods are temporary and require subsequent consultation of a dermatologist, who will offer the most effective way to remove the growth. Experts warn you not to self-medicate. They often have to deal with situations when the girl removed the papilloma, and she became inflamed. What to treat and how much to treat – only a doctor knows! Do not experiment with your health.
Methods of destructive therapy of papillomas
Currently, in the arsenal of specialists, there are such ways to remove unwanted neoplasms:
- Scalpel method or surgical method of destruction. Used to remove a large number of growths or their growths. A negative point in the use of this metol is a high risk of secondary infection;
- The method of electrical destruction. High-frequency current, which is passed through the growth using a loop electrode, leads to necrosis of neoplasm tissue. Minus of the method – a scar remains at the site of the neoplasm.
- The method of cryodestruction. The growth is frozen with liquid nitrogen of the lowest possible temperature. The advantages of the method are the absence of the need for anesthesia and the possibility of use for pregnant women and children. It is one of the most sparing types of destruction of papillomas. The disadvantage of this method is the high risk of relapse due to uncontrolled depth of freezing;
- The method of radio destruction. For this method, the power of the radio wave is used. Its positive feature is the minimal risk of infection of damaged skin;
- The method of laser destruction. The laser beam acts as a scalpel. The non-invasive method eliminates the possibility of secondary infection.
The application of pharmaceutical preparations, which include aggressive chemical acids, can lead to the spread of the inflammatory process to neighboring skin tissues, blood vessels and lymph nodes.
Methods of treating inflammation of the neoplasm at home
The only home therapy possible in case of neoplasm inflammation is first aid and keeping the damaged area clean with antiseptic agents.
It is strictly forbidden to use alternative recipes, which include aggressive active ingredients. Such as celandine, iodine or vinegar. This can cause additional damage to the inflamed tissue. Do not delay the trip to the doctor. Inflammation of the neoplasm can be a symptom of its malignancy, that is, degeneration into a malignant tumor.
Before visiting a doctor, you are allowed:
- Hygienic procedures
- Barrier method of contraception;
- Reception of any immunostimulants;
- Balanced diet;
- Make an appointment with a specialist;
Contact an experienced dermatologist immediately. You may need additional consultation with a specialist, such as a urologist or gynecologist. This is due to the localization of tumors.
Rehabilitation after treatment of an inflamed growth
Regardless of which method of removal of the inflamed growths you choose after discussing this issue with your doctor, you must follow safety precautions to prevent complications and relapse of the disease.
- If possible, avoid wetting the area of damaged skin until the crust formed after removal of the skin falls off;
- Do not cover the area of the skin undergoing the procedure with a band-aid or bandage;
- Do not use emollient cream or decorative make-up at the site of a removed neoplasm;
- Avoid prolonged exposure to the sun until the damaged area of the skin acquires the shade of the main epithelium;
- Observe a balanced menu;
- Try to minimize physical and psychological stress;
- Take prescription antiviral and immunomodulating drugs.
To prevent the re-occurrence of skin defects and prevent the inflammatory process in existing neoplasms, it is necessary to observe simple rules:
- Take care of personal hygiene so as not to create conditions favorable for the propagation of HPV. Preferred for him is a moist, warm environment;
- Prevent possible rubbing of existing tumors with clothing cloth;
- If the growth has come off, treat the damaged area of the skin with an antiseptic and cover it with a plaster or bandage;
- If possible, avoid nervous and physical overwork;
- Maintain immunity with complex vitamin supplements.
Observance of these simple conditions will help you maintain good health and avoid relapse of the disease.