Due to the fact that the human papillomavirus has become a really common disease, and this problem worries millions of people around the world, doctors have come up with many ways to remove the formations caused by this ailment.
One of the most popular, safe and reliable methods is electrocoagulation of papillomas, which makes it possible to remove a neoplasm, while preventing the potential for the conversion of a growth into a malignant tumor.
Some wonder what it is, electrocoagulation? As it is not difficult to guess, based on the name, the removal of papillomas by this method consists in the defeat of the growth by the current of a certain strength and frequency. This makes it possible to achieve the required temperature at which the tumor tissue is simply destroyed. The method is used in a wide range of cosmetic and surgical operations, given its great potential.
Currently, you can perform procedures of this nature in the following cases:
- Electrocoagulation is used to remove warts, warts and papillomas;
- In gynecology, with the help of this method, an electroexcision of the cervix is performed;
- Tattoos, nevi and capillary nets are also removed in this way;
- Surgeons often use this method to stop bleeding;
- Cauterization of hemorrhoidal nodes and other things.
Due to its high functionality, the removal of papillomas with a coagulator occurs most safely when compared with other methods. In addition, it will not be necessary to perform several sessions for a positive result, just a single visit is enough.
Types of electrocoagulation
Modern medicine allows the removal of papillomas with an electric knife in two ways that are applied to the patient, depending on the formation. This will determine which procedure will be most effective.
The division is in the following types of operations:
- Contact (includes electrodissection, electrocoagulation, electrosection and electrocautery). All of these methods are used to remove neoplasms;
- Contactless (includes electrofulgation and plasma coagulation).
In the case of a non-contact method, the device used forms a beam of energy that is directed to the papilloma and destroys it. The doctor will select a specific type of procedure depending on whether papilloma or condyloma has formed on the patient’s body.
The benefits of electrocoagulation
Absolute of each tumor removal method has its own strengths and weaknesses. Initially, we will analyze the benefits that coagulation with papillomas gives:
- One of the cheapest ways to remove;
- With small sizes of papillomas, moxibustion can last from 1 to 10 minutes;
- This is an effective and certainly safe method;
- Regardless of the patient's age, almost any neoplasm can be removed by electrocoagulation;
- After removing the growth, it will be possible to conduct additional studies on it to prevent unforeseen situations;
- It eliminates the possibility of bleeding and there is a complete disinfection of the removal site;
- There is the possibility of removing papillomas on the mucous membranes;
- The frequency and current strength is adjusted taking into account the location of the dislocation and the size of the growth;
- A safe way for all skin types.
A sufficiently large number of advantages gives great hope for patients, but it is worth mentioning the disadvantages, which are not many.
The disadvantages of electrocoagulation
The main part of the shortcomings, to a greater extent, lies in the improper work of specialists or incorrect care of the place of removal.
The consequences are as follows:
- If the removal of papillomas with an electrocoagulator is performed using the wrong strength and frequency of the current, the patient may remain with fairly well visible scars, therefore, if the removal occurs on the face, it is best to find an experienced specialist;
- For the same reason, new papillomas may begin to appear around the site of removal;
- If you do not properly care for the skin, according to the doctor’s recommendations, you can achieve the appearance of age spots;
- In sensitive areas, the patient may experience pain during removal;
- It can take up to 14 days to heal.
Often there is a choice of what is best suited for removing papillomas: laser or electrocoagulation, and although in the first case, healing will go faster, nevertheless, you need to understand that it is the effect of electricity that will be practically the most effective and safe method.
Disclosure of the essence of the procedure
Diathermocoagulation itself occurs by applying an electric current to the nozzle (this is often a small metal loop, although there are other forms), the electrodes of which are heated, depending on the applied voltage, to a certain temperature (up to 900 degrees).
Due to the effect on papillomas that cannot withstand such damage, the process leads to coagulation of the growth proteins and its complete removal. The process of dying off the growth will occur throughout the recovery period, and this is up to 2 weeks. At this time, a crust remains at the place of the procedure, drying out after a while.
It is worth noting that infection in the removal area, or any bleeding, is excluded, except for non-standard cases, since high temperature makes it possible to bake nearby blood vessels, so that troubles of this kind will not disturb the patient. Further away, only care for the affected area is required for some time.
Also, one cannot fail to mention that this procedure is quite painful. Doctors do anesthesia, but in the most sensitive places mentioned above, the patient can still experience discomfort. If the specialist correctly adjusted the device, then the penetration depth will be optimal, and you will not have to suffer from third-party sensations, and even more so, then deal with scars.
Regarding the time of the procedure, it all depends on the neoplasm, since some operations last less than a minute, and some take 20 minutes. Heals the place up to a couple of weeks, depending on the specific case.
At the site of removal of the papilloma, restoration of the skin will occur for some time. A thin pinkish skin should be protected from sunlight and other influences, until the moment of full recovery – about a month.
Who does not fit this method?
Despite the versatility and safety of electrocoagulation, there are a number of patients to whom this method of removing papillomas will be contraindicated. The main reasons are often malfunctions of the body systems, but the full list of these contraindications is as follows:
- This method does not remove malignant tumors;
- Pregnant or lactating women are not allowed in this procedure;
- An electrocoagulator to remove papillomas cannot be used in cases when a herpes infection is on the skin in the active phase of development;
- Patients with pacemakers are not prescribed this procedure;
- The parallel development of acute infections or certain chronic diseases can also become an obstacle to the removal of papillomas in this way;
- If the patient has poor blood coagulation, doctors often use a different method;
- Allergy to pain medication.
During the appointment of the removal of papillomas by electrocoagulation, a lot depends on the doctor, his qualifications and ability to work with this device, and if he made mistakes, then after electrocoagulation the patient may experience complications. There can be many reasons, starting from the selection of the wrong nozzle, and it is selected depending on the shape and location of the neoplasm, ending with the current strength. But there is also room for the mistakes of the patient himself, which happens much more often.
As a result, the following problems may appear:
- If the doctor has not determined that the patient has blood diseases that affect its coagulability, or there is a large vessel near the growth, you can get quite a lot of bleeding in the end;
- Various manifestations of allergies;
- If the patient independently removed the crust formed after the operation, an infection may be introduced there, which will lead to inflammation and suppuration;
- There is a potential for scars;
- When the operation or care of the place of its implementation is carried out incorrectly, new papillomas may appear in larger numbers;
- In the case of exposure to the postoperative area of chemicals or permanent damage to this place, there is a likelihood of malignancy.
It is precisely in view of this that the removal of papillomas must be carried out with full responsibility, especially if electrocoagulation is chosen as the main method. Success will depend not only on the doctor, but also on the patient’s awareness, because the healing wound after surgery is his whole concern, therefore, visiting the doctor during the recovery period is a reasonable decision.
At home, it is better to abandon the use of cosmetics, ointments and other things, in the area of the operation, and it is also worth excluding any possibility of damage to the wound. Of course, sunbathing in the sun or applying sunblock in such areas is not worth it. Observing elementary rules, you can easily protect yourself from trouble.